Archive for April, 2013

Sexual development is an integral and important part of human development. Sexual health is an important component of health throughout the life-span. Sex education is a major component of comprehensive health education, the goal of which is to help children and adolescents become healthy adults with responsible health behaviors.

There is a growing fear among parents and guardians that sex education will promote adolescent sexual activity and increase the risk of pregnancy, sexually transmitted infections (STIs), and HIV infection among teenagers. Careful and objective scholarly research has shown that sex education does not increase rates of sexual activity among teenagers and does increase knowledge about sexual behavior and its consequences. It also increases prevention behaviors among those who are sexually active.

Young people are exposed to numerous influences upon their sexual attitudes and behaviors every day from the media, their peers, their parents, and other adults. Sex education/family life education is valuable in its ability to truthfully educate young people about sex and its risks, to provide them with knowledge to protect themselves from unwanted pregnancy and STIs, including HIV infection. Young people must have accurate and sufficient information to make responsible choices and to become responsible adults. Teaching correct information about sexuality or any other topic in school does not prevent any parent from teaching and modeling values and expectations in the home, rather it should assist parents in providing opportunities for family communication.

It is only wise therefore, for parents or guardians to register their adolescents at any nearest adolescent-friendly centre to get the necessary accurate information on health matters.

Courtesy American Congress of Obstetricians and Gynaecologists (ACOG)

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Malaria is a serious infection. It is common in tropical countries such as parts of Africa, Asia and South America. Malaria is a disease caused by a parasite (germ) called Plasmodium that lives in mosquitoes. The parasite is passed to humans from a mosquito bite.

The most common symptom of malaria is a high fever. Malaria can also cause muscle pains, headaches, diarrhoea and a cough.

Rules Of Prevention
There is an ABCD for prevention of malaria. This is:

-A wareness of risk of malaria.
-B ite prevention.
-C hemoprophylaxis (taking antimalarial medication exactly as prescribed).
-Prompt D iagnosis and treatment.

Know you are more at risk if you are:
– under 5
– pregnant
– malnourished
– immunocompromised
– a traveller

-You should use an effective insect repellent to clothing and any exposed skin.
-If you sleep outdoors or in an unscreened room, you should use mosquito nets impregnated with an insecticide (such as pyrethroid). The net should be long enough to fall to the floor all round your bed and be tucked under the mattress. Check the net regularly for holes. Nets need to be re-impregnated with insecticide every six to twelve months (depending on how frequently the net is washed) to remain effective.
-If practical, you should try to cover up bare areas with long-sleeved, loose-fitting clothing, long trousers and socks – if you are outside after sunset – to reduce the risk of mosquitoes biting.
-Sleeping in an air-conditioned room reduces the likelihood of mosquito bites, due to the room temperature being lowered. Doors, windows and other possible mosquito entry routes to sleeping accommodation should be screened with fine mesh netting.
– You should spray the room before dusk with an insecticide (usually a pyrethroid) to kill any mosquitoes that may have come into the room during the day. If electricity is available, you should use an electrically heated device to vaporise a tablet containing a synthetic pyrethroid in the room during the night.

N.B
– The burning of a mosquito coil is not as effective.
-Herbal remedies have not been tested for their ability to prevent or treat malaria and are therefore not recommended.
-Likewise, there is no scientific proof that homoeopathic remedies are effective in either preventing or treating malaria, and they are also not recommended.

-Antimalarial medication helps to prevent malaria. The best medication to take depends on the country you visit. This is because the type of parasite varies between different parts of the world. Also, in some areas the parasite has become resistant to certain medicines.

On a final note, please protect youself and your loved ones from malaria. No Mosquito No Malaria!

Happy World Malaria Day!

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10 FACTS ABOUT MALARIA

Posted: April 24, 2013 in Uncategorized

1. Malaria is caused by parasites that are transmitted to people through the bites of infected mosquitoes.
2. Half of the world’s population is at risk of malaria.
3. Every minute, a child dies from malaria.
4. Increased malaria prevention and control measures are dramatically reducing the malaria burden in many places.
5. Early diagnosis and prompt treatment of malaria prevents deaths.
6. Growing resistance to antimalarial medicines has spread rapidly.
7. Sleeping under long-lasting insecticidal nets protects against malaria.
8. Indoor residual spraying is the most effective way to rapidly reduce malaria transmission.
9. Pregnant women are at high risk of dying from the complications of severe malaria. Malaria is also a cause of spontaneous abortion, premature delivery, stillbirth and severe maternal anaemia, and is responsible for about one third of preventable low-birth-weight babies.
10. Malaria causes significant economic losses in high-burden countries.

Courtesy WHO.


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TEENAGE PREGNANCY PREVENTION PROGRAMME.

PROGRAM DESCRIPTION

Teen Pregnancy Prevention Programme (TPPP) is a comprehensive pregnancy prevention program of ASTRAH INITIATIVE. TPPP programming consists of the implementation of comprehensive, evidence-based interventions that target the sexual and non-sexual factors that lead to delayed initiation of sex and increased condom or other contraception use as the case maybe for married adolescents.

TPPP targets youth between the ages of 10 and 19 (up to 24 for special education populations) and their parents/adults/caregivers.

ASTRAH  provides youth with intense and direct programming which promotes personal respect and responsibility, builds skills for dealing with peer pressure, and are age, gender and culturally relevant.

This intervention aims to provide direct programming to help participants acquire and practice specific skills such as communication, negotiation, refusal, decision-making, and resistance to peer/social pressure.

TPPP activities include:

  • Youth programming,
  • Community awareness activities,
  • Parent/adult/caregiver education,
  • Media campaigns
  • Educational/promotional items.

PROGRAMME GOAL

  1. To reduce the rate of teenage pregnancy occurrence in the community served.
  2. To reduce the rate of early onset sex among adolescents in the community.

TARGET AUDIENCE

The program is targeted for young people between the ages of 10 and 19yrs.

Legislative authority

TPPP is not a funded program therefore it is a fee-for-service program. Participants are required to pay a certain minimal amount before attendance. Fees cover course material and refreshments.

 

FURTHER ENQUIRIES:

CALL 08185553713, 08164968203

SEND MAIL TO info@astrahinitiative.org

OR VISIT THE ASTRAH CENTRE at No 1, James Robertson street, off Akerele street, Surulere, Lagos.

PERSONAL HYGIENE QUIZ

Posted: April 16, 2013 in Uncategorized

PERSONAL HYGIENE QUIZ.

PERSONAL HYGIENE QUIZ

Posted: April 16, 2013 in Uncategorized
  1. What is Personal Hygiene?
    • Using soap to clean yourself
    • Dental check-ups
    • Taking care of your body, cleaning yourself, getting dental check-ups and more
    • Taking showers
     
  2. How often should you get dental check-ups?
    • 1-2 times per year
    • Once every 5 years
    • Once per week
    • Never
     
  3. What should be used every time you shower?
    • Bubble bath
    • Shaving cream
    • Shampoo, conditioner and body wash
    • Soap
     
  4. What is having good personal hygiene a good prevention of?
    • Tooth decay
    • Diseases and sicknesses
    • Losing hair
    • Looking ugly
     
  5. What should you put on before going out on a hot day?
    • Sunscreen
    • Perfume
    • Baby Oil
    • A bathingsuit
     
  6. What is the thin, flimsy item used to get extra food out of your teeth?
    • A toothbrush
    • Mouthwash
    • Yarn
    • Floss
     
  7. When are 2 out of the 4 good times to put on deodorant?
    • Before a party and at school during math
    • After a shower and in the morning
    • After you go to the bathroom and before you eat
    • Before an outdoor sporting event and before a shower
     
  8. When are good times to brush your teeth during the day?
    • Before you eat, after you eat, and before bed
    • Whenever you want to
    • In the morning/after breakfast, after lunch, and after dinner/before bed
    • After you have a drink
     
  9. When are some good times to wash your hands?
    • After touching something that isn’t yours
    • After talking to someone who is sick, and after taking out the trash
    • Before going to sleep and after you wake up
    • After touching waste bins, being near someone who is sick, touching animals, before and after handling food, etc.
     
  10. What are two good ways to keep your skin healthy?
    • Putting on cream and taking showers
    • Wearing deodorant and sunscreen
    • Eating and playing with dolls
    • Cleaning and wearing cream